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藝術欣賞報告

莊子至樂寓言

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Description

道家思想體系以「道」為核心,「道」乃道家哲學之最高範疇,道家的學說及其組成部分,皆圍繞「道」而展開。道的本義是指行走的道路,引之為規律、準則以及宇宙本原。老子在《道德經》中稱「道」:「有物混成,先天地生,寂兮寥兮,獨立而不改,周行而不殆,可以為天下母」。(老子5章,下引此書只注章數)在老子看來,「道」是先天地生的宇宙本原,天地萬物最初由「其中有象,其中有物,其中有精,其中有信」的「道」所生成。在「道生物」的過程中,天地萬物皆「負陰而抱陽」,陰陽兩個方面在對立運動中不斷地互相消長、相互轉化。「有無相生,難易相成,長短相較,高下相傾,音聲相和,前後相隨。」(2章)有與無、難與易、長與短、高與下、音與聲、前與後,都是互相轉化的。禍福、剛柔、榮辱、勝敗、進退、強弱的運動也莫不如此。
古代道家這種「生成論」宇宙觀與古希臘德謨克利特在原子論中所倡導的「構成論」宇宙觀不同。前者主張變化是「產生」和「消滅」或者「轉化」,是一個動態過程;而後者則主張變化是不變的要素之結合的形式的不同。顯而易見,上例中兩個高速撞擊的質子所分裂成的許多不同種類的基本粒子之實驗結果,只能為道家「生成論」的宇宙觀得到圓滿的解釋。

藝術欣賞報告
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  • Free
  • Available on iPad, iPhone, and Mac.
  • Category: Education
  • Published: 20 August 2016
  • Publisher: 陳冠名
  • Seller: RakuParadise.Co
  • Print Length: 28 Pages
  • Language: Traditional Chinese
  • Version: 1.0
  • Requirements: To view this book, you must have an iPad with iBooks 2 or later and iOS 5 or later, or an iPhone with iOS 8.4 or later, or a Mac with OS X 10.9 or later.

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