Emotional Stroop Interfence for Depression-Related Stimuli in a United Arab Emirates Student Population (Report)
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal 2010, June, 38, 5
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
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The existence of mood-congruent information processing biases has received widespread experimental support (Bentall, 1995; Gotlib et al., 2004; Watkins, Mathews, Williamson, & Fuller, 1997, Williams, Watts, MacLeod, & Mathews, 1997). Furthermore, cognitive theories of depression typically implicate such information processing biases in both the causation and maintenance of mood disorders (Beck, 1970; Seligman, 1975). The emotional Stroop task is one of the most frequently used assessments of mood-congruent information processing interference. In this modification of the original Stroop (1935) task, participants are shown words written in different colored inks, they are instructed to name the color of the ink rather than perform the more automatic task of reading the word. Researchers have demonstrated interference effects for affective words relative to neutral words, especially when the affective words are selected to correspond with the self-schema assumed to be underlying any disorder (Williams, Mathews, & MacLeod, 1996). In the context of depression the affective stimuli used in emotional Stroop tasks reflect depressive themes like loss, failure and inadequacy. Delayed color-naming response times for affective words amongst depressed or anxious individuals are generally explained in terms of interference effects arising from an attentional bias for disorder-congruent affective stimuli (Williams et al., 1996).
- 2,99 €
- Category: Psychology
- Published: 01 June 2010
- Publisher: Scientific Journal Publishers, Ltd.
- Print Length: 9 Pages
- Language: English