Ethics — Part 4
Benedictus de Spinoza
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Ethics-Part Four covers both the idea of human 'servitude' and the strength of the emotions. Spinoza focuses on the nature of the active life. We pursue the good and avoid the bad; virtue is the power to do the good, the power of reason to rule the emotions. Rational control is hard to achieve but it is possible. We are only free when our actions are determined by our reason alone.