Opening the iTunes Store.If iTunes doesn’t open, click the iTunes icon in your Dock or on your Windows desktop.Progress Indicator
Opening the iBooks Store.If iBooks doesn't open, click the iBooks app in your Dock.Progress Indicator

iTunes is the world's easiest way to organize and add to your digital media collection.

We are unable to find iTunes on your computer. To download from the iTunes Store, get iTunes now.

Do you already have iTunes? Click I Have iTunes to open it now.

I Have iTunes Free Download
iTunes for Mac + PC

It's More Than the Mouth: The Effects of Periodontal Disease on Systemic Health (Disease/Disorder Overview)

The Dental Assistant, 2007, May-June, 76, 3

This book is available for download with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device, and with iTunes on your computer. Books can be read with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device.


Periodontal disease is estimated to affect 75% of the people in the United States to some extent, and 20 to 30% of the country's adults suffer moderate to severe forms of the disease. (1) Prevalence and severity of destructive periodontal disease increase with age, and it is most prevalent in the African-American and Hispanic-American populations. (2) Although epidemiological studies indicate that gingival health in America is slowly but steadily improving, severe periodontitis afflicts approximately 14% of adults aged 45 to 54 and 23% of adults aged 65 to 74. (3) Dental professionals have long suspected associations between periodontal disease and a variety of systemic conditions. During the past few decades, researchers have attempted to establish links between periodontal infections and cardiovascular disease, respiratory infections, osteoporosis, diabetes and preterm births. Though the nature of the relationship is not fully understood, research efforts clearly point to a connection between periodontal and systemic health. Some of the most convincing evidence associates periodontal disease with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and delivery of preterm, low birth weight babies. In order to understand these connections, it is necessary to be familiar with the periodontal disease process.