A Survey of Assistive Technology and Teacher Preparation Programs for Individuals with Visual Impairments (Research Report)
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness 2007, July, 101, 7
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness
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Parker et al. (1990) reported that teachers of students with visual impairments and deaf-blindness had poor or nonexistent knowledge of specific areas of assistive technology, and a study by Mack, Koenig, and Ashcroft (1990) on computer training of students with visual impairments concluded that teacher education programs have an obligation to train teachers in the necessary knowledge, skills, and motivation to provide a bridge between students and technology. A recurring theme of the four studies of the assistive-technology knowledge of teachers of students with visual impairments that have been conducted since 1990 (Abner & Lahm, 2002; Candela, 2003; Edwards & Lewis, 1998; Kapperman, Sticken, & Heinze, 2002) has been that teachers of students with visual impairments are not prepared to use assistive technology and to teach students how to use it. As a result of these studies, there have been numerous professional calls for the inclusion of assistive technology in teacher preparation programs for teachers of individuals with visual impairments. The Division on Visual Impairments (DVI) of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) holds the position that assistive technology must be incorporated into all teacher preparation programs (Erin, Holbrook, Sanspree, & Swallow, n.d.). The CEC Knowledge and Skill Base for All Entry-Level Special Education Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments, entitled "What Every Educator Should Know" (2003), includes at least 10 standards that are directly related to the use of assistive technology. Thus, universities must integrate assistive technology into their teacher preparation programs by training prospective teachers of students with visual impairments how to use and operate various assistive technology devices, as well as the best practices for instruction.
- 2,99 €
- Category: Health & Fitness
- Published: 01 July 2007
- Publisher: American Foundation for the Blind
- Print Length: 9 Pages
- Language: English