The Inability Not to Follow: Western Hegemonies and the Notion of "Complaisance" in the Enlarged Europe (Critical ENGAGEMENTS WITH CULTURAL Intimacy) (Report)
Anthropological Quarterly 2010, Spring, 83, 2
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Globalization has placed increasing pressure on the restructuring of socalled "transitional economies" that are governed by Western hegemonies of global capitalism and democracy. In various postcolonial, "Third World" countries, this "structural adjustment" process has often led to reactions against Western domination exemplified in collective action, such as overt protests and demonstrations, and more subtle forms of struggle, such as foot dragging and poaching, commonly described as "everyday resistance." Scholarly studies of "everyday resistance," greatly inspired by James Scott's study of colonial/postcolonial agrarian development and peasants' responses to it (Scott 1985, 1990), have generated much discussion of power, agency, and hegemony (e.g., Abu-Lughod 1990, Comaroff 1985, Comaroff and Comaroff 1991, Gal 1995, Greenhouse 2005, Herzfeld 2004a, Kaplan and Kelly 1994, Linger 1995, Sivaramakrishnan 2005). The resistance literature's primary foci are class struggle, ideology, and consciousness that inform its Marxist orientation in analyzing and understanding the structure, system, and changes of culture and society. Within this context, agency of the powerless is primarily found under the rubric of "resistance" (cf. Kaplan and Kelly 1994). Submission to the existing power structure is considered the result of "hegemony," which assumes "complicity" of the powerless in the maintenance of the domineering power structure that marginalizes them. But does agency of the powerless or the marginalized only rest in the spaces of resistance and/or complicity when it comes to hegemonic forces? Could there be a space of agency that does not fall under the rubrics of either "resistance" or "complicity"?
- 2,99 €
- Category: Social Science
- Published: 22 March 2010
- Publisher: Institute for Ethnographic Research
- Print Length: 61 Pages
- Language: English