Disability, Social Policy and the Burden of Disease: Creating an "Assertive" Community Mental Health System in New York (Report)
Psychology (Irvine), 2010, June, 1, 2
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1. Introduction Over the last century, the pace of urbanization and industrialization in the West has outstripped the development of certain life-sustaining infrastructures that support urban residents. We in the United States are now witnessing a backlash wherein deindustrialization, corporate downsizing, unemployment and the dismantling of the welfare state are adding to the already considerable pressure on our support structures [1,2] and, in turn, on the legislation and social policies that address these structures [3-5]. Epidemiological studies are showing that exponential growth in urbanization and industrialization and their decompensatory effects are resulting in increasing numbers of physical and mental health impairments . Researchers working on the Global Burden of Disease Project (GBD) have used a measure they call disease burden to project future causes of deaths and impairments [7,8]. They believe that by 2020, the leading causes will be heart disease, depression and traffic accidents (Murray and Lopez, 1996, 2004). Furthermore, they predict, along with other researchers [9-11], that five of the top 10 leading causes of "disease burden" by 2020 will be "psychiatric conditions." If that is accurate, it is imperative that we evaluate our service provision infrastructure for these conditions, the social policies that support it and the cultural and political implications of such services. These implications include oppression and social injustice in the institutions we create to address our growing burden of psychiatric disease.
- 2,99 €
- Kategorie: Psychologie
- Erschienen: 01.06.2010
- Verlag: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc.
- Druckseiten: 26 Seiten
- Sprache: Englisch