The Wenzhouese Community in New York City.
Chinese America: History and Perspectives 2004, Annual
Chinese America: History and Perspectives
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The original essay in Chinese was written by Mr. John T Ma for presentation at a conference in Flushing, N.Y. in October 2000. Him Mark Lai translated the text into English for this publication. He also edited the essay and provided additional material taken from recent essays on the subject written by other authors. All mention of the first person in this essay refers to Mr. Ma. The famous historian Arnold Joseph Toynbee (1889-1975) in his major work A Study of History has suggested that the development of a civilization depends on its ability to respond to human or environmental challenges. In explaining the growth of the Chinese civilization, he wrote that the fathers of this civilization "in their home by the Yellow River did not enjoy the fancied but delusive advantage of an easier environment than their neighbors." (1) They responded successfully to the challenge of hard environments, and their civilization grew. I believe that this theory of challenge and response may be just as applicable to the study of the Wenzhou people in New York.
- 2,99 €
- Kategorie: Sozialwissenschaft
- Erschienen: 01.01.2004
- Verlag: Chinese Historical Society
- Druckseiten: 45 Seiten
- Sprache: Englisch