Colombia: Sugar Cane Industry (Agroenergy and Alternatives)
Pacific Ecologist 2009, Summer, 17
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Thirteen sugar cane plantations employ 30,000 workers in Colombia without contracts. The state controls production, favouring large corporations, particularly those connected to sugar cane production. Paramilitary groups assassinated around 4000 union workers in recent years. Plan Colombia and the World Bank have established special programs for palm oil production which is exempt from taxes. The US wants to increase ethanol production and other agrofuels to help solve its energy crisis, while purchasing low-cost petroleum from Colombia. Industrialization in Colombia began in the first decades of the 20th century. Fast expansion of the sugar cane market led to industrial plantations being setup. Plantations arose like Riopalia of the Caicedo family, Providencia of the Cabal family, and Mayaguez of the Hurtado Holguin family, which continue to be Columbia's main sugar cane producers. From 1946 to 1958 two million people were forcibly removed from the land losing 350,000 properties in the period known as 'La Violencia'. Plantations greatly expanded in Valle del Cauca province leading to stronger control of Colombia's sugar cane market Valle del Cauca was the province with the largest number of forcibly removed families.
- 2,99 €
- Catégorie : Sciences de la Terre
- Sortie : 22 juin 2009
- Éditeur : Pacific Institute of Resource Management
- Pages : 6
- Langue : Anglais