Select Men of Sober and Industrious Habits: Alcohol Reform and Social Conflict in Antebellum Appalachia.
Journal of Southern History 2007, May, 73, 2
Journal of Southern History
Ce livre peut être téléchargé sur votre Mac ou appareil iOS avec iBooks, et sur votre ordinateur avec iTunes. Les livres peuvent être lus sur votre Mac ou appareil iOS avec iBooks.
NO OTHER INSTITUTIONS IN OUR OPINION, CAN HAVE A MORE SALUTARY influence in checking vice, and giving a right direction to our various passions and appetites, than Temperance Societies." So wrote physician Jason F. E. Hardy, explaining why he and other middle-class reformers had founded the Asheville Auxiliary Temperance Society in Buncombe County in April 1831. (1) One of the first of its kind in western North Carolina, this organization was initially a success. Forty mountain residents, mostly from Asheville, joined the society that April because they believed that alcohol was impeding the community's moral and economic prosperity. Two months later the number of members had increased to sixty-five. But support for the Asheville Auxiliary Temperance Society was far from universal, especially in more remote parts of the county. Many farmers argued that the society and its desire to eradicate King Alcohol--as temperance advocates often termed alcoholic beverages--were "a scheme to deprive the people of their liberty." Several mountain churches joined the chorus of opposition, threatening to expel congregants who joined the organization. By 1832 the Asheville Auxiliary Temperance Society faced an uncertain future, as "enem[ies]" reduced its membership "to a bare majority." (2) To the dismay of Hardy and other Asheville reformers, King Alcohol proved to be a formidable adversary. Since the 1980s historians have debunked the notion that southerners were not receptive to alcohol reform during the antebellum period. (3) Ian R. Tyrrell, John W. Quist, and other scholars have argued persuasively that the temperance movement in the South differed little from that elsewhere in the United States. Like their cohorts in the North, most southern reformers were middle-class professionals who tended to reside in towns with a thousand or more inhabitants. There members of the urban middle class were numerous enough to influence local politics, and they embraced the temperance movement, believing that it would improve their communities both morally and economically. These towns, mostly situated in the lowland South, also tended to have large African American populations, whose presence further encouraged whites to promote alcohol reform as an instrument of social control. (4)
- 2,99 €
- Catégorie : Histoire
- Sortie : 1 mai 2007
- Éditeur : Southern Historical Association
- Pages : 64
- Langue : Anglais