10 Songs, 1 Hour 9 Minutes

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About Handel and Haydn Society & Harry Christophers

Boston's Handel & Haydn Society (colloquially H&H) has been fundamental to the development of classical music in the U.S. since its founding in 1815. It has been continuously operating longer than any other performing arts organization in the country. The group was organized by a committee of prosperous Boston businessmen, whose professional contingent gradually expanded; many of the first members were tradespeople who were members of local church choirs. As the name implies, the group was devoted to performances of 18th century music, but it also performed large chorus-and-orchestra works that appeared in the 19th century. An early president of the group was piano manufacturer Jonas Chickering; a notable 19th century member was Battle Hymn of the Republic composer Julia Ward Howe. The Handel & Haydn Society gave the American premieres of Handel's Messiah in 1818, Haydn's Creation the following year, Verdi's Requiem in 1878, and Bach's St. Matthew Passion in 1879. An oratorio was apparently commissioned from Beethoven in the mid-1820s, but never finished. The group has given more than 2,000 performances since its founding.

In addition to well-loved annual performances of famous works (Messiah has been presented annually since 1854), the Society marked important events, such as the end of the Civil War, with concerts and festivals. In the 20th century, the membership, comprising singers and orchestral players, expanded, reaching well over 200 musicians before contracting somewhat during the Depression and World War II. As the historical performance movement developed in the mid-20th century, the Handel & Haydn Society generally ignored it, and took criticism for doing so. Thomas Dunn, music director from 1967 to 1986, began to develop the group's responses to historical performance, developing it into a fully professional group and broadening the repertory to include the entire period from the Renaissance to the present. These trends continued under Christopher Hogwood (1986-2001), the Society's first non-American director, Grant Llewellyn (2001-2006), and especially under present director Harry Christophers, also director of the popular British choir The Sixteen. Under Christophers, the choir has begun a recording career commensurate with its prestige; it has issued recordings annually on The Sixteen's Coro label, including not only choral works but a series of albums devoted to instrumental music of Haydn. In 2018 they released an album including Haydn's Symphony No. 26 in D minor, Hob. 1/26, and Symphony No. 88 in D major, Hob. 1/88, and Mozart's Violin Concerto in G major, K. 216. ~ James Manheim

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