Johnson V. Duffy
Ninth Circuit United States Court of Appeals
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Johnson brought this civil rights action (42 U.S.C. § 1983) challenging the constitutional validity of the forfeiture of his accumulated earnings from work performed at an honor camp on the ground, among others, that the actions of the defendants deprived him of his property without due process of law. He initiated the suit as a class action, seeking both damages and declaratory relief, on behalf of himself and a class consisting of "all adult males or females who are presently incarcerated in any adult institution of the County of San Diego" who have suffered forfeitures of their prison earnings. The district court denied certification of the class, without prejudice to a later renewal of the motion, and it granted the defendants' motion for summary judgment on the ground that the named defendants had not personally participated in the forfeiture of Johnson's earnings and, in respect of defendant Athey, his refusal to return the forfeited sums to Johnson was pursuant to a reasonable and good faith belief that the forfeiture was valid. We uphold the district court's certification ruling, but we reverse the judgment because Johnson made a Prima facie showing of potential section 1983 liability based upon the defendants' omission to perform duties imposed by state law that deprived Johnson of his property without due process.
- Category: Law
- Published: 27 December 1978
- Publisher: LawApp Publishers
- Print Length: 12 Pages
- Language: English