Career Guidance and Social Inclusion: A Challenge for Europe (Report)
Australian Journal of Career Development 2010, Autumn, 19, 1
Australian Journal of Career Development
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Introduction Over the past decade, career guidance has attracted an unprecedented amount of policy attention in Europe, leading to several initiatives at both national and cross-national levels. While there is a long history of European Union (EU) policy involvement in the field of career guidance (see Watts, Sultana & McCarthy, in press), the review of guidance services by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), launched in 2000 and finalised four years later (OECD, 2004), served as a trigger for the intensification of policy 'busyness' both in high-and middle-income countries. Several single-country studies were carried out, leading to comparative regional analyses of the state of career guidance across the European Union and European Economic Area countries (Sultana, 2003, 2004, 2008; Sultana & Watts, 2006). Similar studies, using much the same research methodology, were also carried out in the Balkans (Sweet, 2006), in other EU neighbouring countries (Zelloth, 2009), and in the Middle East and North Africa (Sultana & Watts, 2007). Another study focused on developing countries associated with World Bank projects (Watts & Fretwell, 2004). The reviews focused on guidance services in both the education and the labour market sectors, and considered guidance not only as a way to meet labour market goals--such as improving the match between the demand and supply of skills--but also as a policy tool to help attain social equity and inclusion goals for both young people and adults. In Europe, such an approach ties into strongly embedded notions of social welfare which, while increasingly challenged by neo-liberal imperatives, nevertheless continue to strive to ensure solidarity for all citizens, especially those most at risk of social exclusion. Career guidance as it is currently conceived in Europe is thus keen not only to facilitate autonomy and self-sufficiency by equipping citizens with the life skills needed to manage educational and occupational pathways but also to provide the support required throughout life, when and where needed.
- 2,99 €
- Category: Careers
- Published: 22 September 2010
- Publisher: Australian Council for Educational Research
- Print Length: 13 Pages
- Language: English