The Molar View of Behavior and Its Usefulness in Behavior Analysis.
The Behavior Analyst Today 2003, Wntr, 4, 1
The Behavior Analyst Today
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The molar view of behavior contrasts with the older, molecular view. The difference is paradigmatic, not theoretical. No experiment can decide between them, because they interpret all the same phenomena, but in different terms. The molecular view relies on the concepts of discrete, momentary events and contiguity between them, whereas the molar view relies on the concepts of temporally extended patterns of activity and correlations. When dealing with phenomena such as avoidance, rule-governed behavior, and choice, the molar view has the advantage that it requires no appeal to hypothetical constructs. The molecular view always appeals to hypothetical constructs to provide immediate reinforcers and stimuli when none are apparent. As a result, the explanations offered by the molar view are straightforward and concrete, whereas those offered by the molecular view are awkward and implausible. The usefulness of the molar view for applied behavior analysis ties in the flexibility and conceptual power it provides for talking about behavior and contingencies over time. **********
- 2,99 €
- Category: Psychology
- Published: 01 January 2003
- Publisher: Behavior Analyst Online
- Print Length: 10 Pages
- Language: English