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The French National Olympic and Sports Committee: A History of the Institutionalization of Sport and Olympism, 1908-1975 (Report)

Olympika: The International Journal of Olympic Studies, 2008, Annual, 17

Olympika: The International Journal of Olympic Studies

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Ever since Pierre de Coubertin announced, on a winter night of 1892 in Paris, the revival of the Olympic Games, (2) the Olympic Movement has continually organized itself and expanded. (3) Gradually, a system consisting of various organizations agreeing to abide by the Olympic Charter and acknowledging the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was established. Among these organizations, International Sports Federations (ISFs) whose sports were organized in the Olympic Games, National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and the Olympic Games Organization Committees (OGOCs) worked as extensions of the Olympic action and as the very structures on which its development was based. (4) Most studies have dealt with an analysis of the Olympic ideology through its symbolic events, (5) or the history of the IOC and of the ISF. (6) Little research has focused on the NOCs. However, these committees may be considered as the IOC's national vectors and in that respect, NOCs have played a significant part in the organization and the expansion of the Olympic spirit. Selecting athletes, taking initiatives so as to organize international events, creating connections with sports-related authorities on a national level may exemplify a few of their actions. As a result, the NOC allowed the Olympic organization to partake in a national dynamic which in return provided the international visibility essential to its development. Dialectics were then established between the IOC and the NOC so as to ensure their perpetuity, thus rendering them interdependent in the long run. As a result, more and more precise competence and intervention fields were established. With respect to its Olympic Charter, these fields eventually gave way to tensions between the IOC and national organizations which, in turn, suffered from pressure from the authorities or from the industrial and commercial sphere. (7)

The French National Olympic and Sports Committee: A History of the Institutionalization of Sport and Olympism, 1908-1975 (Report)
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  • 2,99 €
  • Available on iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac.
  • Category: Sports & Outdoors
  • Published: 01 January 2008
  • Publisher: International Centre for Olympic Studies
  • Print Length: 34 Pages
  • Language: English
  • Requirements: To view this book, you must have an iOS device with iBooks 1.3.1 or later and iOS 4.3.3 or later, or a Mac with iBooks 1.0 or later and OS X 10.9 or later.

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