The Role of Shoe Design in Ankle Sprain Rates Among Collegiate Basketball Players (Original Research) (Report)
Journal of Athletic Training 2008, May-June, 43, 3
Journal of Athletic Training
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Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in the United States, accounting for as many as 23000 injuries per day. (1) Authors (2) of a study in 1983 reported that the United States spent approximately $2 billion that year on moderate and severe ankle sprains: the 2008 estimate is $4.22 billion with inflation? Thus, although ankle sprains are often seen as commonplace, the economic ramifications are significant. Studies (4) l0 of athletes have shown that these statistics carry over to the sports world, particularly basketball. Basketball players frequently land on another competitor's foot, causing an awkward, plantar-flexed inversion moment and stretching the lateral ankle ligaments beyond their capacity, resulting in an ankle sprain. (4,9,11-15) These ankle sprains leave the competitor with initial pain and swelling (6,7) but can also lead to long-term problems, such as costly medical bills, subsequent sprains, (16,17) decreased strength, (6,16) instability (6,16) delayed muscle reaction time, (16,18) and disability. (16,18) Preventing ankle sprains becomes critically important to basketball players, coaches, strength and conditioning experts, team physicians, and certified athletic trainers (ATs) in order to minimize time and money lost and maximize their success. (7.9,14-17) The mission statements of many athletic footwear manufacturers focus on creating innovative designs using technology to improve comfort and athletic performance. (19-21) Some shoes are marketed to absorb energy during impact and release it during liftoff, aiming to increase force output. According to the Web site, (21) Nike shoes are reported to increase vertical jump height and improve propulsion ability, resulting in faster sprint times. Currently, this concept has been delivered in the form of spring-like columns ("cushioned column systems") under the heel of the shoe in place of conventional heel counters. (22) The effect of this design on ankle sprain risk has not been reported. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to determine the effect of shoes with cushioned column systems under the heel on the frequency of lateral ankle sprains. We hypothesized that collegiate basketball players wearing the cushioned column shoe design would have a higher incidence of lateral ankle sprains than those not wearing this shoe type.
- 2,99 €
- Category: Sports & Outdoors
- Published: 01 May 2008
- Publisher: National Athletic Trainers' Association, Inc.
- Print Length: 13 Pages
- Language: English