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Along with the now legendary Sepultura, Sarcófago (translation: "sarcophagus") integrated the first wave of Brazilian death metal bands, a ragged collective that stormed out of the South American nation just as it was emerging from decades spent under an oppressive military dictatorship. Though the country's metal scene was understandably small and close-knit at the time, from the very start Sarcófago were committed to doing things differently. Not only were they the most extreme and inaccessible of Brazil's early death metal champions, verging on and, some claim, pioneering what would later be known as black metal, they also embraced the seemingly at-odds elements of punk rock to boot. And even though this radical approach ultimately didn't spell a recipe for widespread success, it certainly made Sarcófago impossible to ignore. Guitarist and growler Wagner Lamounier (Antichrist to his friends) started Sarcófago in Belo Horizonte, Brazil in 1985, shortly after being booted out of fellow death metal upstarts Sepultura, and igniting a bitter rivalry that would rage for years to come. The band's lineup was in constant flux early on, but by the end of the following year, Sarcófago had managed to record three promising demos, namely Satanic Lust, Black Vomit, and the notorious Christ's Death -- all of which circulated in the tape-trading underground and helped the band gather a small but rabid following. Bassist Gerald Minelli (aka Incubus), guitarist Zéber (Butcher), and drummer Eduardo (D.D. Crazy) were soon on board and Sarcófago signed with local metal imprint Cogumelo Records, which issued their debut full-length, I.N.R.I., in July 1987. From the very outset and unlike most of their peers, Sarcófago's embryonic death metal fury was more openly accepting of punk rock attitudes (witness Lamounier's carefully groomed Mohawk on the album's cover), which, at the time, constituted heavy metal fans' natural enemies. This contradiction earned them respect in some quarters as unwitting crossover pioneers, but also led to massive brawls (and another long-standing beef with true punkers Ratos de Porão) between the two musical tribes whenever the band made one of its rare concert appearances. Sarcófago were stripped down to a trio (including new drummer Joker) come 1989's brilliantly focused Rotting. Arguably their finest moment, the album rewarded them with their first widespread coverage overseas, where some overexcited members of the specialized metal press seemed convinced that Sarcófago could keep pace with their fast-rising compatriots/adversaries Sepultura, themselves already on the fast track to worldwide prominence. But Sarcófago's inability (or refusal) to tour on a regular basis made this all but impossible, and before long, most of the international buzz surrounding the release had faded away. New drummer Lucio Olliver and second guitarist Fabio Jhasko were brought in for 1991's incrementally accomplished The Laws of Scourge, after which Sarcófago finally did hit the road in Europe and South America for what would prove to be their biggest touring stint ever. Still, it wasn't enough to increase their popularity abroad, while at home they remained utter outcasts because of their staunch anti-Christian stance and equally offensive imagery. An extended layoff followed 1992's Crush, Kill, Destroy EP and, come 1994's Hate LP (intended to be the fastest, most brutal album ever), Lamounier and Minelli made the controversial decision to resolve their never-ending drummer issues by programming a machine. Brazilian heavy metal was entering a period of decline by this time, anyway, and Sarcófago seemed happy to fade into the background after years of hard graft, only resurfacing on occasion with releases like 1995's Decade of Decay collection, 1997's ironically named The Worst, and 2000's Crust EP, the latter of which was intended to be a teaser for an upcoming full-length outing, but ultimately served as the band's final studio offering. In 2015, after years of bootlegging, Die...Hard, a collection of the band's early demos, was released via Greyhaze Records. ~ Eduardo Rivadavia