A product of the New York City goth scene, Voltaire first earned attention as a director and stop-motion animator, helming station IDs for MTV, the Sci-Fi Channel and other cable outlets. He also produced a number of comic book projects, among them Chi-Chian and Oh My Goth. Voltaire's debut LP, The Devil's Bris, appeared on the Projekt label in mid-1998. It mixed lush vocals over the chaos of violins and cellos. The pop-influenced Almost Human appeared in summer 2000; while Boo Hoo continued Voltaire's glossy pop experimentation two years later.