Who are you - and why?
by The Open University
This course material is only available in the iTunes U app on iPhone or iPad.
Psychology - the scientific study of people, the mind and behaviour - offers some answers in this pathway, starting with how gender is constructed. Consider whether it is nature or nurture that shapes us and what role do wider environmental, social and cultural influences play?
These issues are examined from a variety of perspectives, from psychoanalytic and social psychology to cognitive analysis. Explore a variety of individual case studies, including opera singer Lisa Lee, a biological female who was raised as a boy, and French footballer Zinedine Zidane – who shocked millions by head-butting an Italian player at the 2006 World Cup.
Less sensational but equally illuminating studies of identical twins separated at birth offer sometimes challenging insights into genetic determination of personality but how can psychologists separate out biology from environmental influences?
||Starting with psychology||The most ‘important and greatest puzzle’ we face as humans is ourselves (Boring, 1950, p. 56). Humans are a puzzle – one that is complex, subtle and multi-layered, and it gets even more complicated as we evolve over time and change in different co||--||Free||View in iTunes|
||Identity in question||Why is identity important and how are identities formed? This unit looks at the many different ways in which identity can be categorised. By examining the requirements of the state, how a child views gender, and the importance of race or place of birth,||--||Free||View in iTunes|
||Mistaken identity||Lisa-Lee describes the discovery in her teens that she was a biological female||4:28||Free||View in iTunes|
||Nature or nurture?||Whether biology or environment has most impact on gender determination||5:07||Free||View in iTunes|
||Gender confusion||Lisa-Lee's experiences growing up as a boy||9:01||Free||View in iTunes|
||Gender divisions||Is it important to categorise people in terms of gender?||9:14||Free||View in iTunes|
||Studying twins||John Oates introduces the idea of studying twins to gain insights into human personality.||2:34||Free||View in iTunes|
||Twins apart||A set of identical twins who grew up separately meet again years later.||4:10||Free||View in iTunes|
||Why so similar?||A set of twins discuss reasons for their similarities.||3:24||Free||View in iTunes|
||Identical twinset||Linda, Sharon and their mother discuss their similarities as identical twins.||3:19||Free||View in iTunes|