Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire (Report)
The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy 2010, Fall, 6, 3
The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy
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The purpose of the present article is threefold. We intend to review the literature on experiential avoidance since a meta-analysis conducted in 2004 (Hayes et al.) and a review by Kashdan, Barrios, Forsyth, and Steger (2006). As a part of this review, we intend to examine the current "gold standard" measure of experiential avoidance. Finally, a measure of experiential avoidance, valid with children and adolescents, will be presented and validated with an adult sample to address issues of item content and clarity. Experiential avoidance (EA) defines a functional class of behaviors involving excessive negative evaluations of private events (i.e., thoughts, feelings, sensations) and an unwillingness to experience them. EA is evidenced by intentional efforts to control or escape private events and the contexts which occasion them (Hayes, Wilson, Gifford, Follette, & Strosahl, 1996). It has been posited as a functional diagnostic category, continuous in nature, demarcated by experiential acceptance and experiential avoidance (Hayes et al, 1996). Not all behaviors serving experientially avoidant functions are pathogenic. Indeed, EA can be an adaptive process. As examples of nonpathogenic avoidance, consider that when people ignore boredom during long work meetings or temporarily avoid conversations with loved ones until the tendency for aggressive reactivity subsides, there are likely no long-term negative consequences. In fact, there are likely positive outcomes in these situations, because such control strategies effectively move us to face discomfort and move us in valued directions. Thus, in such short-term and appropriate contexts, EA can serve as an adaptive form of emotion regulation.
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- Categoria: Psicologia
- Pubblicato: 22/09/2010
- Editore: Behavior Analyst Online
- Pagine: 32
- Lingua: Inglese