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Analytical weekly review of political, economic and social events in Africa, the world's second largest continent.
|1||VideoBritain funds criminals in Ethiopia||The UK government is providing financial aid to human rights abusers in Ethiopia through funding training paramilitaries, who perpetrate summary killings, rape and torture in the impoverished African country, local media reported. Through its foreign aid budget, the UK government provides financial support to an Ethiopian government security force known as the "special police" as part of its "peace and development programme", which would cost up to �15 million in five years, The Guardian reported. The Department for International Development warned in a leaked document of the "reputational risks" of working with organizations that are "frequently cited in human rights violation allegations", according to the report. The Ethiopian government's counter-insurgency campaign in Ogaden, a troubled region largely populated by ethnic Somalis is being enforced by the 14,000-strong special police. This is while police forces are repeatedly accused by Human Rights Watch of serious human rights abuses. Claire Beston, the Amnesty International's Ethiopia researcher, said it was highly concerning that Britain was planning to work with the paramilitary force.KQ/PR||14.4.9||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|2||VideoOver 25m S Africans register to vote||A record number of South Africans have registered to vote in the upcoming general elections in their country, with a million-man surge in registration over the weekend, organizers say.A record 25.3 million South Africans registered to vote for the May elections, with more than one million people signing up over the weekend, the Independent Electoral Commission said in a statement on Tuesday.The count follows disruptions over the weekend in areas gripped by community protests over established political parties, which critics say have failed to improve the conditions of many poor South Africans.In some areas, people were prevented from registering, while a registration station in a township west of Johannesburg was petrol-bombed.South African President Jacob Zuma's African National Congress (ANC), which has been in power for two decades, has come under fire for rising poverty and unemployment in the country. Zuma himself has also lost popularity amid corruption allegations.However, estimates suggest that the ANC will probably manage to win the elections again despite discontent among its poverty-stricken grassroots supporters.Zuma, who has served as the president of South Africa since 2009, is also expected to run for a second term in office in the forthcoming vote.KQ/HJL||14.4.2||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|3||VideoBan calls Sierra Leone "success story"||UN Secretary General has hailed Sierra Leone as a "success story" because of the great strides it has made towards peace, stability and long-term development."Sierra Leone represents one of the world's most successful cases of post-conflict recovery, peacekeeping and peace-building," Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said at a press conference alongside Sierra Leonean President Ernest Bai Koroma in Freetown.He also called on other countries to draw hope from Sierra Leone's "inspiring example of the "power of international solidarity and national resolve to overcome even the most brutal conflicts."Fifteen years after it was established, the UN Integrated Peace-building Office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL) formally transferred its responsibility to the UN Country Team, which consists of 19 agencies, funds and programs, based on the UN Development Assistance Framework, known as UNDAF.The UN is ending its peace and political operations on 31 March to focus more on supporting the economic development of the West African nation.KQ/PR||14.3.26||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|4||VideoCAR, on verge of ethnic cleansing||Tens of thousands of Muslims are being forced by Christian militias to flee the Central African Republic in what human rights groups and a top UN official characterized as de facto ethnic cleansing. The CAR capital, Bangui, used to have a Muslim population of over a hundred forty thousand people. Today, less than one thousand still remain. Events in the CAR spiraled out of control since December 2013, when Christian armed groups launched coordinated attacks against the mostly Muslim Seleka group that had toppled the government in March 2013. The country's first Muslim President stepped down in January and Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza took over the power, while facing the task of taming the tsunami of revenge killings between Christians and Muslims that has seen thousands flee the country. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Antonio Guterres has warned of potential new threats against the Muslim community in the African country. Last month, French lawmakers approved the extension of France's military intervention in the CAR and announced plans to increase the number of military deployment. The foreign forces have so far failed to curb the violence. Some analysts believe the current bloodshed has little to do with religion and more with the control of the resources in one of Africa's weakest govern states, which has led to the specter of religious and ethnic cleansing looming over the country. EP/PR||14.3.19||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|5||VideoAI warns Kenya over Somali refugees||Amnesty International says extensive intimidation and human rights abuse is forcing Somali refugees out of Kenya.In a report published on Wednesday, the human rights group warned over the hostile environment in Kenya, saying that the refugees are actively targeted by the police with indiscriminate arrests.According to the report, named No Place Like Home, the refugees are even denied access to registration, meaning they are illegally staying in the African country."The environment in Kenya is now so hostile that some refugees feel they have no option but to return to Somalia where the ongoing conflict in parts of the country continues to destroy lives. This is tantamount to forced return," said the rights group's deputy regional director Sarah Jackson.Last week, the Kenyan government called on Somalia to speed up the repatriation procedure of some half a million Somali refugees living in the United Nations-designated camps in Kenya.The Kenyan government argued that stability has returned to Somalia following successful joint operations by the African Union and Somali government forces.The Somali government also said it wants its refugees resettled, but the process must be gradual.According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), about 42,000 people in Somalia sought asylum last year.Nearly 60,000 Somalis were also displaced in the country's southern and central regions last year.KQ/PR||14.3.12||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|6||VideoEU eases sanctions on Zimbabwe||The European Union continues to ease sanctions against Zimbabwe after lifting its sanctions on the Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation back in September 2013.After brutal wars in Sierra Leone and Liberia, which were fueled by "blood diamonds" in 2002, the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) was set up. The KPCS certifies the origins of the traded diamonds, assuring consumers that they were not financing war or human rights abuses. The Marange fields in Zimbabwe, which cover about 66,000 hectares is one of the world's largest diamond fields. The export of Zimbabwe's diamond has been a hot political issue with Western countries opposed to the country selling stock piles of its diamonds, and African countries, United Arab Emirates and India supporting the sale.The United States, Canada, Australia, the European Union and their allies in the 76-member Kimberly Process grouping have relentlessly frustrated Zimbabwe's efforts to sell the Marange diamonds on the international market, citing so-called human rights abuses and alleged non-compliance with Kimberly Process certification requirements. Companies listed under the sanctions are believed to be partnered with the government-owned Zimbabwe Mining Development Company, which already exists on the sanction list. Controversially, a Chinese company which is also operating in Marange has been given approval to export rough diamonds from the field. The Zimbabwe government says the sanctions are unjustified and needlessly worsening the plight of ordinary people by undermining the country's economic recovery.KQ/PR||14.3.7||무료||iTunes에서 보기|
|7||VideoHumanitarian catastrophe in Katanga||The United Nations has warned of a "humanitarian catastrophe" in the Democratic Republic of Congo's southeastern province of Katanga.The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) confirmed that rebel violence in the country's mineral-rich region has destroyed 600 homes over the past three months and displaced 400,000.The head of the UN peacekeeping mission in the country, Martin Kobler, raised concerns over the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Katanga, saying the huge province has been neglected in recent months."It's a humanitarian catastrophe," Kobler said, referring to the situation in Katanga, where more than 600 homes in 11 villages have been destroyed since October last year.The UN Special Representative for the African country also urged armed groups to allow humanitarian aid to the victims in the region."All armed groups must stop their activities and allow humanitarian access to the main victims of this tragedy, the civilian populations," Kobler said.A secessionist group, called Mai Mai Kata Katanga, reportedly perpetrated most of the attacks in the region.According to the OCHA, fighting between the government and rebels, including the M23 has displaced 2.9 million people in the whole country.On November 5, 2013, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) claimed "total victory" over the M23 after capturing the group's remaining hilltop positions north of the eastern city of Goma with the assistance of an UN-mandated African force.Congo has faced numerous problems over the past few decades such as grinding poverty and crumbling infrastructure.KQ/AB||14.2.26||무료||iTunes에서 보기|