Does Level of Social Capital Predict Perceived Health in a Community?--a Study of Adult Residents of Low-Income Areas of Francistown, Botswana.
Journal of Health Population and Nutrition 2009, August, 27, 4
Journal of Health Population and Nutrition
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INTRODUCTION There is a growing interest in the role played by the community context or neighbourhood characteristics, or 'the place' in shaping health outcomes (1-3). Whereas, most population-based medical research has often focused on individual risk factors, such as life-style, diet, cholesterol, smoking, lack of exercise as the major contributory factors to disease, increasingly; this focus has been shifted to the community or neighbourhood context (1-4). Most research in medical sociology has found evidence to link social conditions as antecedents of disease outcome in the causal chain. Link et al. and Coken et al. emphasize that the focus should be on the social conditions which are the 'distal causes' of disease (4-5). The central message is that focusing on the individual risk factors deflects the beam from the real upstream factors that are antecedent to onset of disease. By ignoring the role of the community context in shaping health outcomes, individual-level indicators are less reliable in reflecting a holistic picture of human well-being. Results of most recent studies concerning the impact of concentrated poverty environments on health outcomes indicate that community characteristics have an impact on most members of a community, irrespective of the socioeconomic status of the individual (3,6-8). High levels of neighbourhood problems, such as pollution, poor weather, noise, unsafe areas, smells, fumes, and litter, contribute to stress that has negative health consequences.
- € 2,99
- Categorie: Gezondheid en fitness
- Publicatiedatum: 01-08-2009
- Uitgever: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh
- Tekstlengte: 39 pagina's
- Taal: Engels