Opening the iTunes Store.If iTunes doesn’t open, click the iTunes icon in your Dock or on your Windows desktop.Progress Indicator
iTunes

iTunes is the world's easiest way to organise and add to your digital media collection.

We are unable to find iTunes on your computer. To download from the iTunes Store, get iTunes now.

Do you already have iTunes? Click I Have iTunes to open it now.

I Have iTunes Free Download
iTunes for Mac + PC

Challenges in Thermodynamics: Irreversible Processes, Nonextensive Entropies, And Systems Without Equilibrium States (Report)

Pure and Applied Chemistry 2009, Oct, 81, 10

Pure and Applied Chemistry

This book is available for download with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device, and with iTunes on your computer. Books can be read with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device.

Description

OPENING REMARKS Irreversible pathways connecting two equilibrium states are not well understood. Even less is known about general rules which govern systems far from equilibrium. In this mini-review, I have made a choice of some problems which, in my opinion, define challenges facing our community of thermo dynamics and statistical mechanics. Among them I will present the Jarzynski equation, discovered in 1997, which relates works done in irreversible processes to the free energy difference [1-5]. Furthermore, I will describe recent findings concerning dynamic pathways governing evaporation and condensation [6-19] and mention late stages of a process of phase separation [20]. I will also discuss systems that are nonextensive and therefore cannot be described by the Boltzmann-Gibbs-Shannon (BGS) entropy. In its place, new paradigms are introduced such as Renyi or Tsallis entropies [21-26]. Finally, I will briefly touch on the problem of systems, such as living matter, which by definition do not have equilibrium states. We cannot use, in their context, a paradigm of isolated system or equilibrium state or even a notion of subsystem. Most certainly, new descriptions and new paradigms are needed to properly describe such systems.

Challenges in Thermodynamics: Irreversible Processes, Nonextensive Entropies, And Systems Without Equilibrium States (Report)
View In iTunes
  • 2,99 €
  • Available on iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac.
  • Category: Chemistry
  • Published: 01 October 2009
  • Publisher: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
  • Print Length: 19 Pages
  • Language: English
  • Requirements: To view this book, you must have an iOS device with iBooks 1.3.1 or later and iOS 4.3.3 or later, or a Mac with iBooks 1.0 or later and OS X 10.9 or later.

Customer Ratings

We have not received enough ratings to display an average for this book.