Exploring the Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Interventions, Other Than the Sensory Integration Approach, With Children and Adolescents Experiencing Difficulty Processing and Integrating Sensory Information (Report)
AJOT: American Journal of Occupational Therapy 2010, May-June, 64, 3
AJOT: American Journal of Occupational Therapy
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The role of occupational therapists working with children is to promote their full participation in the occupations of everyday living. Occupational therapists do this using a variety of service models ranging from consultation to direct service delivery. They also use a wide variety of intervention approaches; the specific approaches chosen by an occupational therapist in any particular case depends on his or her perspective regarding the nature of the problems experienced by the child and how best to address these problems. In today's research-informed health care climate, however, an occupational therapist's choice of intervention must be informed not only by his or her underlying conceptual perspective but also by the latest and best evidence regarding the effectiveness of the intervention. Moreover, the education and training of occupational therapy students must be updated frequently to reflect advances in the field. It is our intention in this review to provide a synthesis and appraisal of the evidence reporting on the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions, other than the sensory integrative approach, with children and adolescents experiencing difficulty processing and integrating sensory information. Occupational therapy educators can then integrate this information into their curricula, and occupational therapists can make an evidence-based, informed decision when selecting an intervention.