The Tennessee Academy of Science and the Scopes Trial (Report)
Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 2011, Sept-Dec, 86, 3-4
Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science
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ABSTRACT--The Tennessee Academy of Science had been in existence slightly more than a decade when the state legislature restricted the teaching of evolution in public schools in 1925. For several reasons, the Academy's response to the antievolution campaign took many months to develop and did not manifest itself formally until the annual meeting in November. This meeting came four months after the infamous Scopes Trial and resulted in a resolution calling for the legislature to repeal the Butler Act. Early the next year, however, the Academy engaged counsel to prepare and submit a brief to the Tennessee Supreme Court in support of John T. Scopes's appeal of his conviction. An analysis of the Academy's involvement with this most famous of antievolution cases provides valuable insight concerning the organization's role in science and education in Tennessee of the 1920s. Few events in the history of Tennessee are better known than the Scopes Trial. During the first half of July 1925, much of the world's media attention was directed toward the largely unremarkable village of Dayton, in the southeastern part of the state, where John Thomas Scopes was on trial for teaching evolution in the local high school. For some, Scopes was a martyr to modern science; for others, he was the embodiment of the modernist attack on traditional values. The young teacher stood accused of violating the recently passed Butler Act, by which teachers in all state-supported educational institutions (including colleges and universities) were prohibited from teaching "any theory that denies the story of Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals." More than eight decades later, the trial continues to symbolize the ongoing controversy surrounding the leaching of evolution in public schools.
- 2,99 €
- Category: Engineering
- Published: 01 September 2011
- Publisher: Tennessee Academy of Science
- Print Length: 15 Pages
- Language: English