The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974 in its present form is the most widely followed International convention relating to ships. It is also considered to be one of the most important legal instruments governing safety of ships, which particularly specifies minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships.
Conventions and other multilateral instruments create international treaty obligations. Governments which ratify or accept them agree to bring their laws and measures into conformity with the provisions of such treaties. The purpose of any international instrument is to establish standards which are acceptable to as many countries as possible and be implemented globally, thereby eliminating differences between national practices. The International Maritime Organization came into existence in 1959. Since then the organisation adopted multilateral treaties on a number of subjects concerned especially with the safety of shipping, the prevention of pollution from ships, compensation and liability and other matters such as facilitation and tonnage measurement. Most of these are called conventions but a few are referred to as protocols or agreements. However, their legal status is the same. When a proposal is formally agreed a draft of the treaty is then prepared in one of the Organization’s principal committees or sub-committees. When the draft is approved by either the Maritime Safety Committee, the Marine Environment Protection Committee or the Legal Committee it is submitted to an International Diplomatic Conference to which all members of the United Nations and its specialised agencies are invited. With the successful adoption of the Convention, the onus for action moves to Governments. The speed with which the convention enters into force (that is, becomes binding on States which have agreed to be bound by it) depends upon the time taken by Governments to ratify or accept it. The consent to be bound may be expressed by signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, depending on the wish of the States concerned. This procedure is generally referred to as "ratification". IMO treaties enter into force after a specific number of States have ratified them with a certain proportion of the world’s total tonnage. This ensures acceptance by majority of shipping interest. After the requirements for entry into force of a treaty have been achieved, there is a "period of grace" before it actually comes into force. This period varies from a few months to a year or even two years, and is designed to enable the Governments concerned to take the necessary legislative or administrative measures for implementing the provisions of the convention.
Minor bug fixes
Ratings and Reviews
Many tnx for your useful program. Update and accurate as well as original one.
Nice app, but search function you should add!
With Family Sharing set up, up to six family members can use this app.