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Berlin 1961

Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Most Dangerous Place on Earth

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In June 1961, Nikita Khrushchev called Berlin "the most dangerous place on earth." He knew what he was talking about.
Much has been written about the Cuban Missile Crisis a year later, but the Berlin Crisis of 1961 was more decisive in shaping the Cold War-and more perilous. It was in that hot summer that the Berlin Wall was constructed, which would divide the world for another twenty-eight years. Then two months later, and for the first time in history, American and Soviet fighting men and tanks stood arrayed against each other, only yards apart. One mistake, one nervous soldier, one overzealous commander-and the tripwire would be sprung for a war that could go nuclear in a heartbeat.

On one side was a young, untested U.S. president still reeling from the Bay of Pigs disaster and a humiliating summit meeting that left him grasping for ways to respond. It would add up to be one of the worst first-year foreign policy performances of any modern president. On the other side, a Soviet premier hemmed in by the Chinese, East Germans, and hardliners in his own government. With an all-important Party Congress approaching, he knew Berlin meant the difference not only for the Kremlin's hold on its empire-but for his own hold on the Kremlin.

Neither man really understood the other, both tried cynically to manipulate events. And so, week by week, they crept closer to the brink.

Based on a wealth of new documents and interviews, filled with fresh-sometimes startling-insights, written with immediacy and drama, Berlin 1961 is an extraordinary look at key events of the twentieth century, with powerful applications to these early years of the twenty-first.

Includes photographs

From Publishers Weekly

Mar 14, 2011 – On the 50th anniversary of its construction, Kempe, President and CEO of the Atlantic Council and a former Wall Street Journal staffer, delivers a definitive history of the Berlin Wall. For years, citizens of Communist East Germany streamed across the open border into prosperous West Berlin: 200,000 in 1960 alone. It was an exasperating brain drain, and the danger that other eastern Europeans would cross over threatened to destabilize the Communist region. Assembling personal accounts and newly declassified documents, Kempe writes a gripping, almost day-by-day chronicle of colorful, often clueless leaders and their byzantine maneuvers. Still reeling from his Bay of Pigs humiliation, President Kennedy yearned to prove himself the stalwart leader of the free world. The more experienced but mercurial Khrushchev wanted better East-West relations despite hostility from his hard-line rivals and East German leader, Walter Ulbricht, an unreconstructed Stalinist who despised him. No meeting of minds occurred, and the wall went up, but Kempe concludes that it solved the problem and avoided a war. Berlin faded from the headlines for 28 years, until in 1989 both the wall and the cold war came to an end.

Customer Reviews

Long Overdue Clarity On JFK Foreign Policy

The unfortunate apotheosis of JFK has obscured some very valuable foreign policy lessons about decisiveness and strength. Reagan was able to reintroduce these basic concepts, but Eastern Europe spent three arguably unnecessary decades in the pointless hell of communist economic and political systems due to JFK's failure or refusal to grasp them in 1961. This was a reckless time of hidden illness, drug dependency, and shocking breaches of routine security measures. Comparisons with the current Obama administration suggest themselves, including the delusion that personal charm can overcome studied preparedness.

Well written, researched, and organized, this was one of my favorite works of history in years.

An Awesome Book

I began my adult life in 1961 and was commissioned an Ensign in the Navy ... my first ship was the Command ship that was earmarked for the invasion of Cuba should that become necessary during the Cuban Missile Crisis. This book was painstakingly researched, well written, and provides both closure and context to the "Sad Sixties" of our Nation's History.....My thanks to Frederick Kempe for the context and bringing alive the content I missed. I now know what I was fighting for and why. Thank you for helping me to know that my contribution then and on to Vietnam, and then on to NATO Command....and eventually retirement was not at all in vain. I actually had the privilege of serving with NATO when Germany was a proud member. Proud to have served our country in times like these.


A thought provoking, engaging examination of the first year of Kennedy's presidency which almost lead to the end of the world. Couldn't put it down.

Berlin 1961
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  • $12.99
  • Available on iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac.
  • Category: History
  • Published: May 10, 2011
  • Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
  • Seller: Penguin Group (USA) Inc.
  • Print Length: 608 Pages
  • Language: English
  • Requirements: To view this book, you must have an iOS device with iBooks 1.3.1 or later and iOS 4.3.3 or later, or a Mac with iBooks 1.0 or later and OS X 10.9 or later.

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