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Breasts: A Natural and Unnatural History

This book is available for download with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device, and with iTunes on your computer. Books can be read with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device.


A 2012 New York Times Notable Book
A 2013 Los Angeles Times Book Award Winner in the Science & Technology category

An engaging narrative about an incredible, life-giving organ and its imperiled modern fate.

Did you know that breast milk contains substances similar to cannabis? Or that it’s sold on the Internet for 262 times the price of oil? Feted and fetishized, the breast is an evolutionary masterpiece. But in the modern world, the breast is changing. Breasts are getting bigger, arriving earlier, and attracting newfangled chemicals. Increasingly, the odds are stacked against us in the struggle with breast cancer, even among men. What makes breasts so mercurial—and so vulnerable?

In this informative and highly entertaining account, intrepid science reporter Florence Williams sets out to uncover the latest scientific findings from the fields of anthropology, biology, and medicine. Her investigation follows the life cycle of the breast from puberty to pregnancy to menopause, taking her from a plastic surgeon’s office where she learns about the importance of cup size in Texas to the laboratory where she discovers the presence of environmental toxins in her own breast milk. The result is a fascinating exploration of where breasts came from, where they have ended up, and what we can do to save them.

Publishers Weekly Review

Mar 05, 2012 – In her comprehensive “environmental history” of the only human body part without its own medical specialty, Outside contributing editor Williams focuses on the importance of understanding breasts as more than sex objects: they act as “a particularly fine mirror of our industrial lives.” Americans have 10 to 40 times the amount of flame retardant chemicals in their breast milk as Europeans, for example, and improved nutrition is responsible for earlier onset of puberty in girls—which is linked to higher breast cancer risk. “You know we’re living in a strange world when we have to biopsy our furniture,” Williams comments. She sweeps the reader along a journey extending from the evolution of human breasts from sweat glands, through cosmetic breast enhancements, the science and politics of breastfeeding, and possible links between pollutants and breast cancer in both women and men. Her clear explanations of biology and other technical matters ensure that readers without a scientific background can follow her account. She concludes with recommendations for individuals and governments to prevent further breast-related health problems. Williams puts hard data and personal history together with humor, creating an evenhanded cautionary tale that will both amuse and appall. Illus.

Customer Reviews

A Different Perspective

If you care about the health of your nursing children, pubescent young daughters, or any woman in your life you must read this breakthrough book.

My wife and life partner is an extremely successful business women. She regularly works 70+ hours per week and has little time to do personal reading. I offered to help by reading and discussing the salient points of the "Breast" book. I eagerly took on the assignment because; A) I'm a big fan of breasts, B) I knew little, if anything, factual about breasts, and C) I sensed from reviews and the author's comments on TV that there was much, much more in these pages to be learned that just might educate all the women in our family.

I was blown away with the, at times, light hearted nature of her writing in places but the depth of research and how those findings affect two of natures astonishing organs. What I found to be most important throughout the book was, based on the data and findings, how to make tangible changes in our lives that just might save a loved one the anguish of cancer and the often ignoble procedures that follow.

Breasts are truly the "canaries in the coal mine" signaling our abuse of chemicals and environment in general.

Breasts: A Natural and Unnatural History
View In iTunes
  • $12.99
  • Available on iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Mac.
  • Category: Life Sciences
  • Published: May 07, 2012
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • Seller: W. W. Norton
  • Print Length: 352 Pages
  • Language: English
  • Requirements: To view this book, you must have an iOS device with iBooks 1.3.1 or later and iOS 4.3.3 or later, or a Mac with iBooks 1.0 or later and OS X 10.9 or later.

Customer Ratings

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