The Fourth Geneva Convention: Its Relevance for Settler Nations (Essay)
Arena Journal, 2005, Spring, 24
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In recent years academics have engaged in animated debate over the possibility of a genocidal phenomenon in Australian history. (1) Several authors have referred to the United Nations convention on genocide in order to establish whether atrocities against, and policies regarding, Indigenous people in different periods of Australian history fall within its bounds. (2) There has also been debate as to whether Raphael Lemkin's original conceptualization of genocide refers to settler societies. (3) Yet this is not the only body of international legislation that might potentially affect the Australian polity and its historiography. The implications for Australia of the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention, for example, and more specifically of its Article 49, are not yet recognized. (4) Article 49 explicitly outlaws any attempt to alter the demographic or cultural balance of a territory under occupation. (5) Developments in international law and the still unresolved status of Indigenous sovereignty within Australia suggest that Australia could be seen as a test case in the politics of Indigenous destruction and racial exclusion.
- Category: Religion & Spirituality
- Published: Mar 22, 2005
- Publisher: Arena Printing and Publications Pty. Ltd.
- Seller: The Gale Group, Inc.
- Print Length: 25 Pages
- Language: English