He Sapa Woihanble
Black Hills Dream
Craig Howe & Oak Lake Writers' Society
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He Sapa Woihanble is a collection of writings by members of the Oak Lake Writers Society, a South Dakota statewide organization of Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota writers. In it, the writers express through eloquent prose, poetry, and personal stories their profound spiritual relationships to He Sapa, the land known to many as the Black Hills of South Dakota. They speak of the beauty and power of that land, as well as the painful history of its appropriation by the United States. The vision of this book, its dream, its woihanble, is to present Native perspectives on He Sapa, the spiritual center and homeland of the Oceti Sakowin, the Seven Council Fires people. The Oceti Sakowin people, collectively but incorrectly referred to as Sioux, are comprised of three major subdivisions: Lakotas, Nakotas, and Dakotas. He Sapa refers to a breathtakingly beautiful ecosystem of pine-covered hills, steep-walled rock canyons, countless caves, and meandering meadows that rise out of the northern Plains like an ocean island. In the Lakota language, he means a ridge of mountains, and sapa means black. From a distance, the blue and gray haze and the dark dense green colors of the pines and cedars shift subtly and settle deeply into black, thus the name. Today this area is known in English as the Black Hills of South Dakota. . . . Our hope now is that this volume will contribute to an increased understanding of the shared histories of all citizens of South Dakota, as well as the shared histories of all the peoples and nations who know and love the Black Hills. This dream is our He Sapa Woihanble.
-From the Introduction by Craig Howe and Lydia Whirlwind Soldier
The Oak Lake Writers' Society is an outgrowth of the summer retreats for aspiring tribal writers that have taken place at South Dakota State University s Oak Lake Field Station since 1993. The primary goal of the Society is to contribute to the strengthening and preservation of Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota cultures through the development of culture-based writings. Contributors to He Sapa Woihanble: Kathryn Akipa, Albuquerque, NM - Patty Bordeaux Nelson, Madison, SD - Elizabeth Cook-Lynn, Rapid City, SD - Gladys Hawk, Wakpala, SD - Ronya Hoblit, Mandan, ND - Craig Howe, Martin, SD - Austin Keith, Rosebud, SD - Lucy Keith, Rosebud, SD - Elden Lawrence, Peever, SD - Lanniko L. Lee, Java, SD - Tasiyagnunpa Beth Livermont, Brookings, SD - Mabel Picotte, Chamberlain, SD - Karen Pratt, Sioux Falls, SD - Roseanna Renaud, Martin, SD - Alice M. Sherman, [deceased] - Ben William Sherman, Louisville, CO - Kim TallBear, Berkeley, CA - Gabrielle Wynde Tateyuskanskan, Enemy Swim, SD - Edward Charles Valandra, Vermillion, SD - Vi Waln, Mission, SD - Lydia Whirlwind Soldier, Rosebud, SD - Charmaine White Face, Rapid City, SD - Zion Zetina, Albuquerque, NM -