Vitamin D & Bone Mineral Density of Healthy School Children in Northern India (Report)
Indian Journal of Medical Research 2008, March, 127, 3
Indian Journal of Medical Research
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Studies on bone mineral health in children have been primarily based on clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence. Measurement of vitamin D levels and bone mass by non invasive imaging techniques like dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), have led to a plethora of data regarding various factors responsible for bone mineral health from various countries including India. We reviewed the currently available evidence on status of calcium-vitamin D-parathormone (PTH) relationship and bone mineral density (BMD) in apparently healthy children. High prevalence of clinical and biochemical hypovitaminosis D exists in apparently healthy school children from north India. Also, children from upper socio-economic strata (USES) from Delhi had significantly higher mean BMD values at distal forearm (BMDdf) and calcameum (BMDca) than those from lower socio-economic strata (LSES). Age, nutrition, height and weight were seen to be significantly associated with BMD at peripheral sites. Key words Bone mineral density--bone mineral health--hypovitaminosis D--25(OH) D--parathormone (iPTH)--rickets--vitamin D
- Category: Life Sciences
- Published: Mar 01, 2008
- Publisher: Indian Council of Medical Research
- Seller: The Gale Group, Inc.
- Print Length: 19 Pages
- Language: English