Peterson Perspectives: Interviews on Current Issues
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Audio recordings of Peterson Perspectives interviews with Peterson Institute for International Economics research staff, analyzing current economic and political events.
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 51: Trade at the White House in Not So Normal Times||Soumaya Keynes and Chad Bown have a conversation with Jason Furman (PIIE, Harvard Kennedy School)—a former senior economic adviser of the Obama administration—about American economic policy. They ask Furman about economic and trade policy during the Great Recession, supporting displaced workers, US trade policy toward China, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and President Trump’s approach.||8/14/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 50: Aluminum Made in the USA||Soumaya Keynes and Chad Bown explore the aluminum industry: how to make it, changes in North American production over the past few decades, and the industry's real complaints. They discuss the Trump administration’s tariffs on imported aluminum with Heidi Brock of the American Aluminum Association, and Delphine Dahan-Kocher of Constellium.||8/10/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 49: Are Trump's Steel Quotas Worse than His Steel Tariffs?||Soumaya Keynes and Chad Bown describe how the Trump administration’s quotas imposed on steel imports from South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina are different from the simple application of tariffs. They speak with Ambassador Jennifer Hillman—former administrator of US quotas for textiles and apparel in the 1990s—and Aaron Padilla (American Petroleum Institute) to explain the structure of Trump’s quotas, the perverse economic incentives and unintended consequences they create, and the new difficulties facing American businesses.||8/1/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 48: Trump Buys the Farmers||Soumaya Keynes and Chad Bown explain the US government decision to offer up to $12 billion of subsidies to farmers adversely affected by trade retaliation stemming from President Trump’s tariffs on steel, aluminum, and China. They speak with Joe Glauber (IFPRI, former USDA) about US farm subsidies past and present, including the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, as well as America’s legal commitments under the WTO to limit agricultural payouts.||7/27/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 47: WTO S.O.S.—Save our System||Keynes and Bown detail an emerging approach for the European Union, Japan, China—and the Trump administration—to resolve the conflict over subsidies, one of the most pressing challenges confronting the World Trade Organization. They explain the fight over industrial subsidies and analyze the EU-Japan-US approach to tackling problems of notifications, state-owned enterprises, excess capacity, and public bodies.||7/21/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 46: How Do Trump’s Tariffs Stack Up Historically?||Keynes and Bown compare President Donald Trump’s tariffs imposed to date—on solar panels, washing machines, steel, aluminum, and Chinese imports—with other major American protectionist episodes. They speak to economic historian Douglas A. Irwin (PIIE) about the Reagan administration’s protectionism in the 1980s, the 1971 Nixon shock, the 1960s US-Europe chicken war, and the 1930 Smoot-Hawley tariff.||7/13/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 45: Zeroing: The Biggest WTO Threat You've Never Heard Of||Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad P. Bown (PIIE) explain the outsized importance of “zeroing”—a technical, yet politically controversial method the United States uses to calculate antidumping tariffs. They speak to Thomas Prusa (Rutgers University) about zeroing’s contentious negotiating history, how it works in practice, who is in favor of it, and how much trade is affected by it. They also discuss how the dozens of WTO disputes the United States has lost over this issue set up the current showdown facing the WTO Appellate Body and the future of the trading system.||7/2/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 44: Brexit Two Years On||Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain recent developments in the UK-EU trade talks on Britain’s departure from the European Union. At the two-year mark after the June 23, 2016 Leave referendum, they speak to Anand Menon (King’s College London) and Allie Renison (Institute of Directors) about progress in agreeing to a trade deal, outstanding issues, and lingering uncertainty facing UK businesses.||6/28/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 43: Costing Trump's China Tariffs||Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown explain some implications of President Trump’s plan to impose tariffs on US imports from China starting July 6, 2018, which could escalate to cover $450 billion of American imports. They speak to Mary E. Lovely (PIIE) and Simon Rabinovitch (The Economist) about which companies will be affected and how China might retaliate beyond tit-for-tat tariffs.||6/21/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 42: Trump and Tariff Tweets: It’s More Complicated Than That||Bown and Keynes explain the nonreciprocal pattern of tariffs—and nontariff barriers—across countries highlighted by President Trump’s tweets and statements about high levels of tariff protection received by Canadian dairy farmers, automakers in Europe and China, and more.||6/15/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 41: Trump and China's "War of Saliva"||Chad P. Bown (PIIE) and Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) update developments in the Trump administration’s on-again, off-again trade war, and trade negotiations with China. They also speak to a number of people in Beijing to better understand the Chinese views.||6/8/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 40: Steel and Aluminum Tariffs: Trump versus Everyone||Chad P. Bown (PIIE) and Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) explain the economic implications of President Trump’s decision to apply steel and aluminum trade restrictions on virtually all US trading partners as of June 1, 2018. Countries have announced their plans to retaliate against billions of dollars of US exports, to file WTO trade disputes, and to potentially impose restrictions on their own imports of steel and aluminum.||6/2/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talk Episode 39: Car Crash—Trump Sees More National Security Threats||Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with Kristin Dziczek (Center for Automotive Research) about President Trump’s new investigation into whether imports of autos threaten American national security. They discuss the implications of potential new tariffs for the NAFTA negotiations, as well as trade relations with the European Union and China.||5/25/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 38: ZTE, Trump, and China—What’s the Fuss?||Soumaya Keynes and Chad P. Bown discuss with Yuan Yang of the Financial Times how the US Commerce Department decision to sanction Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE—and its potential reversal by President Trump—affects the firm’s supply chain and Chinese and American jobs. They also discuss its impact on US-China trade negotiations and Beijing’s “Made in China 2025” industrial policy.||5/18/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
||CleanTrade Talks Episode 37: Cottoning on to Trade||Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with Professor Claudia Steinwender (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) about her research on the impact of the trans-Atlantic telegraph on trade. New information through the telegraph affected 1860s cotton price differences between New York and Liverpool, export volumes, and volatility. Claudia then describes how the telegraph affected trade differently at distinct points of the cotton textile supply chain, providing lessons and insight into today’s information and communications technology (ICT) revolution and use of big data.||5/8/2018||Free||View in iTunes|
The best site for the current economic issues and if only the power and power to be listen to them we will have a rosier future and a fearless one.
Excellent and Fair
Thoroughly enjoyable and informative review of some of the moment’s most interesting trade-related happenings. For anyone who wants to understand NAFTA 2.0 or Brexit, the GATT or trade sanctions, this one is most definitely for you.