First CivilizationsHDClosed Captioning
Open iTunes to preview or buy TV shows.
Humans have been around for two million years. For 99.5% of that time we lived the same way—within small mobile bands surrounded by friends and family. We made tools, lit fires, foraged food, painted caves, told stories, and raised children. But in the last 400 generations—the blink of an evolutionary eye—we’ve abandoned the timeless certainties of human existence and re-organized our world. We’ve settles down, grown food, created cities, fought battles, worshipped gods, built monuments, written stories, and made more stuff that we could ever imagine. In short, we’ve become civilized. This is the story of that transition.
|1||HDClosed CaptioningVideoWar||War addresses the paradox that good comes from bad. The threat of destruction engenders a sense of fear, but also creates tighter bonds within a community, while driving an arms race of technological progress. This happened in the Zapotec civilization in Mexico, but also with the Teotihuacan civilization which overthrew the Zapotecs and emerged as the first superpower of the Americas.||53:46||$2.99||View in iTunes|
|2||HDClosed CaptioningVideoReligion||Religion examines the power of a shared belief system, which serves as the social glue to unify a population within a single state. Nowhere was this truer than in Ancient Egypt - still the world’s longest lasting civilization - which depended for its stability on the god-like status of its rulers.||53:46||$2.99||View in iTunes|
|3||HDClosed CaptioningVideoCities||Cities investigates the symbiotic link between urban living and civilization - there have been no cities without civilization, no civilizations without cities. The world’s first settlements were in Mesopotamia, where the emergence of farming created the calories necessary for people to feed themselves on a permanent basis. This led to an exponential increase in population and a blossoming of innovation – civilization itself.||53:46||$2.99||View in iTunes|
|4||HDClosed CaptioningVideoTrade||Trade explores the civilizing effect of buying and selling goods. In particular, the Indus Valley Civilization – on the borders of modern-day India and Pakistan – was seemingly created with the single purpose of encouraging the free flow of trade. The knock-on effects were massively beneficial - an increase in wealth, co-operation and trust.||53:46||$2.99||View in iTunes|